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Carbon Sciences Using Graphene to Improve Cloud Computing Performance

   
The company is developing new graphene-based components to overcome the fundamental speed limits of current state-of-the-art fiber optic materials

Santa Barbara, CA - June 23, 2015 - Carbon Sciences, Inc. (CABN), focused on developing breakthrough technologies based on graphene, the new miracle material, today commented further on its plans to develop graphene-based devices for cloud computing. Graphene-based fiber optics components, such as photodetectors, fiber lasers and optical switches are expected to unclog the existing bottlenecks and enable ultrafast communication in data centers for Cloud computing.

The Problem

Fiber optics technology is the backbone of the Internet. With the observed and predicted explosive growth of Internet data – as a result of Cloud-based services such as Netflix, Facebook, Google and many more – the fundamental speed limits of current state-of-the-art fiber optic materials are being reached.

While signals can move at the speed of light down an optical fiber, the actual information that can be transmitted is limited by the detection speed of the photodetectors, which convert light signal into electrical signal for processing by computer chips.

Current state-of-the-art photodetectors are based on expensive rare and high power materials such as germanium, gallium, arsenic and indium, also known as III-V semiconductors. However, the fundamental physics of these materials limit them to a practical bandwidth of 25 Gbps (gigabits per second). New materials such as graphene must be explored in order to keep up with the speed of data movement in the Cloud.

The Solution

With a very high charge-carrier mobility and broad-spectrum optical response, the company’s management team believes graphene-based components, such as photodetectors, fiber lasers and optical switches, will be able to overcome the speed limits of today's fiber optics technology. This will unleash a global era of high-resolution video on demand, high fidelity music streaming, high volume e-commerce and many more Cloud-based services. The first component the company is focused on is an ultrafast graphene photodetector.

Various research laboratories had proven that graphene is a very promising material for photodetectors and some have demonstrated detection speeds of 50 Gbps. The intrinsic optical bandwidth of graphene has also been measured to be in excess of 250 Gbps. This represents an increased transmission speed of 10 times more than the 25 Gbps limit in current state-of-the-art photodetectors.

About Carbon Sciences, Inc.

Carbon Sciences is developing breakthrough technologies based on graphene, the new miracle material. Graphene, a sheet of pure carbon that is only one atom thick, is flexible, transparent, impermeable to moisture, stronger than diamonds and more conductive than gold. After successfully exploring methods to produce low cost graphene, Carbon Sciences is now developing graphene-based devices to enable ultrafast fiber optics communication in Cloud computing infrastructure.

Moore’s Law has enabled computers to process information at extreme high speeds. However, the speed of data movement between computers in the Cloud is bottlenecked by fundamental limitations of today’s fiber optics technology. By exploiting the natural breakthrough optical and electrical properties of graphene, we are developing next generation fiber optics components that are ultrafast, low power and low cost. We believe graphene-based components, such as photodetectors, fiber lasers and optical switches, will unclog the bottlenecks in the Cloud and unleash a global era of high resolution video on demand, high fidelity music streaming, high volume e-commerce and many more Cloud-based services.



Date: Tuesday, June 23, 2015


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